April 1, 2020

Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act

Information for Small Business Manufacturers

Sunny Han
Published by

All the information we can verify

Updated 8/8/2020: PPP Loan Forgiveness and Next Steps

As of August 8, the deadline to apply for a Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) loan has passed. The SBA has yet to announce a future round of loan applications.

PPP borrowers may now apply for loan forgiveness according to the criteria outlined by the SBA. Generally, if the loan has been used as intended, or for the purpose of an “employer maintaining or quickly rehiring employees and maintaining salary levels”, the loan will be forgiven. 

The SBA has also added clarifying language: “The loan will be fully forgiven if the funds are used for payroll costs, interest on mortgages, rent, and utilities (due to likely high subscription, at least 60% of the forgiven amount must have been used for payroll).”

Partial forgiveness is also a possible outcome. 

This article and the SBA PPP overview page also provides helpful details of the PPP program. 

What Happens Next: PPP Loan Forgiveness Process

Employers can submit their loan forgiveness applications to their lender. For most employers, this will be SBA Form 3508EZ. The lender has up to 60 days to review and approve. The form is then submitted to the SBA which in turn has up to an additional 90 days to review. 

As employers await a forgiveness decision, they do not need payments on the loan, nor do they accrue interest in that timeframe if the loan is forgiven. However, if the loan is not forgiven at 100%, the employer will be subject to repayment and potential interest. The lender will outline any repayments including any interest due, as well as payment dates.

See Frequently Asked Questions on PPP Loan Forgiveness for More Details.

This guide should not be taken as financial advice, rather a helpful guide to share all of the verifiable information that we’ve collected. If you have any comments, please email us at covid19@fulcrumpro.com.

Updated 6/15/2020, 8:57AM

In early June, the Payroll Protection Flexibility Act was formally passed. You can find a great summary here. A few items to note:

  • Extension of the eligible period to use the PPP funds from 8 weeks to 24 weeks
  • There was originally some confusion around a potential cliff caused by the 60% payroll/non-payroll costs. The Treasury and SBA clarified that is not the intent in a joint statement here
  • You are now eligible for deferral of the employer social security tax, even after determining that your PPP loan is forgiven, through December 31, 2020
  • Some changes in the FTE computation to be more lenient when determining the impact on the forgiveness calculation If you have any questions on the new PPP changes or the mutual NDA, please let me know. Happy to hop on a call to discuss further

If you’re still waiting for a response, or for your EIDL Grant, the SBA has increased staffing and their customer support has ben extremely helpful. To directly access a Tier 2 Support person, you can use this number: 877-641-8202

The Treasury Department has published it’s final version of the application. Click here for the document. The SBA and the Treasury department have cleared up their disagreements through a document you can read here. There have been a few notable changes:

  • Interest rate has been raised by 50 basis points to 100 basis points on the PPP Loan (0.5% to 1.0%)
  • This interest will accrue even though there is a 6 month deferral of payment dues.
  • The application now asks you to reduce your loan by any EIDL Grant Advance you may have already received.
  • Any previously approved EIDL loans must be rolled into this loan if you used your EIDL loan proceeds for payroll costs There is confusion here as the maturity (length of loan) is 2 years on the PPP whereas the EIDL had a maximum maturity of 10 years. If an EIDL loan gets rolled into this loan, it’s unclear which will prevail.
  • Payroll taxes imposed or withheld between 2/15/2020 and 6/30/2020 are excluded from the payroll amount calculation.
  • Independent Contractors do not count as employees for the purpose of PPP loan qualification amounts or for forgiveness calculations. They must apply on their own.
  • Specific allowance for using e-signature and e-consent.
  • Banks outside of currently registered SBA 7(a) banks are now able to extend loans, including any Farm Credit System institution, any FDIC or federally insured credit union, and other small banks.
  • Agents who assist small business applicants will be paid by the bank from 0.25% – 1% of the loan value. Agents are not allowed to collect from the borrower or from the proceeds of the loan to the borrower.

There’s a lot of information circulating around with often opposing statements. We’ve reached out to 41 banks and relied on the Treasury Department and the Small Business Association as well as industry contacts to help us assemble this page. This guide should not be taken as financial advice, rather a helpful guide to share all of the verifiable information that we’ve collected. If you have any comments, please email us at covid19@fulcrumpro.com.

Websites currently accepting applications:

It does not appear that any banks listed have a live application available with the new application format. We will check throughout the night and post any updates here.

National – SunWise Capital – Not yet updated with new forms

National – Lendio – Form Now Available

National – Bank of America – Currently Accepting Applications

National – US Bank – Currently Accepting Applications

National – Sunrise Bank – Currently Accepting Applications

National – Paypal – Currently Accepting Applications

National – Fountainhead – Will not be ready until Monday at earliest

Who Qualifies

Sole proprietors, independent contractors, self-employed, and small businesses with fewer than 500 employees. Also some sectors qualify with more than 500 employees. For example, a Surgical and Medical Instrument Manufacturing company qualifies with up to 1,000 employees. A Railroad Rolling Stock Manufacturer qualifies with up to 1,500 employees. Check here.

Two Major Programs

The primary programs available are listed below in the Economic Injury Disaster Loans (EIDL) and Paycheck Protection Program (PPP) sections. While both of these programs are fundamentally loans, the PPP is structured to be a forgivable loan. The EIDL also carries with it a cash grant component. You can apply for both.

Paycheck Protection Program

This loan program is live on April 3, 2020 for small businesses. April 10th for independent contractors and self-employed. The primary purpose is to provide forgivable loans with restrictions on how you can spend the money: primarily payroll (75% of funds) and also rent, utilities, and interest payments (25% of funds).

  • For non-seasonal businesses this is calculated based on your previous year’s average payroll multiplied by 2.5, the loan maxes out at $10,000,000
  • These funds can be used for the 8 weeks starting when your loan is funded.
  • If you use these funds to pay payroll for employees making up to $100,000 a year, those amounts are forgiven.
  • You can also use no more than 25% of the loan amount to pay for rent, utilities, lease agreements, and interest. This amount is also forgiven
  • The rest becomes a 2 year loan, with the first 6 months payments deferred, at 1% interest. Bank of America has pledged $250 million. Many other banks are silent on their expected participation.
  • Start with a bank that you have a relationship with, if possible. If you applied for the EIDL loan you can also apply for this loan. The same bank or institution will be able to service both.
  • This loan does not require collateral.
  • This loan does not involve a credit check.
  • You need to prove your payroll amounts for the year prior or for the seasonal period if you are a seasonal employer.
  • Banks are paid a fee. Agents are also paid a fee out of the bank’s fees (0.25 – 1%). Be wary of anyone offering assistance for a fee that you pay.
  • Application is available now!

Economic Injury Disaster Loans

These loans were available before the CARES act was signed. You are eligible if there is a Disaster Declaration in your state. As of this writing all states and territories within the United States have active declarations. The CARES act added a $10,000 grant that can be applied for at the same time.

  • Loans up to $2,000,000
  • Personal Collateral not needed below $250,000
  • Qualification calculation: (Revenue – COGS) / 2
  • *Likely requires a credit score of 650 or higher.
  • 4% Interest Rate Maximum
  • Payments paid for by SBA for 6 months
  • 10 year maximum loan length
  • Administered through SBA Lender
  • Streamlined application available
  • Current timelines are around 2-4 weeks for processing.
  • Some reports of grant money being wired within 3 days.
  • SBA is available 24/7 but does not have the ability to check on your filing status, and are overwhelmed.
  • 800-659-2955 DisasterCustomerService@sba.gov

Payroll Tax Relief

If your revenue dropped by more than 50% from the same quarter the year before or if your operations were fully or partially suspended due to a COVID-19 related shut down order. This likely means that you were NOT classified as essential.

This credit is equal to 50% of the first $10,000 of qualified wages paid to employees.

If you have less than 100 full time employees, all employees count.
If you have more than 100 full time employees, qualified wages only covers wages paid to employees who were not working.

If you receive a loan under the Paycheck Protection Program, you do not qualify.

Payroll Tax Deferral

All employers and self employed individuals can defer payment of the employer’s share of payroll taxes for the period ending December 31, 2020 (this year). You have to pay 50% by December 31, 2021, and the other 50% by December 31, 2022.

If you receive loan forgiveness under the Paycheck Protection Program, you are not eligible for this deferral.

401(k) and IRA tax waiver and loan amount increases

You can take up to $100,000 in early 401(k) and IRA distributions during 2020 and the 10% tax penalty is waived. Normal income tax still applies. If you put the money back within 3 years after you get it, you won’t be taxed on it.

You can now borrow up to $100,000 or 100% (whichever is lower) of the vested balance of any tax-qualified plan like a 401(k) or IRA. Any plan that’s due in 2020 has its payment due date extended by a year.

Net Operating Loss Carryback

Taxable income limitations are removed to allow a Net Operating Loss to fully offset income and reduce tax burden. Any Net Operating Losses in 2018, 2019, 2020 can be carried back 5 years with no limitations.

Immediate Depreciation

Facilities improvement costs can be recognized all in this year instead of having to depreciate it over the life of the building, allowing for reduction in taxable income.

Foreclosures or Evictions

No federally backed mortgage loans can be foreclosed on for a 60 day period starting March 18, 2020.

Landlords are not allowed to take legal action to repossess rental property or collect on nonpayment of rent or other fees and charges for 120 days on any properties insured, guaranteed, supplemented, or protected by federal agencies or programs.

Existing SBA Loans

If you have an existing SBA loan, you can still apply for the PPP and EIDL loans. Your existing loans will also have both their principal and interest payments made for them for 6 months. There is a $17 billion limit on these funds. It’s unknown what will happen if the funds run out before the 6 month period.

Loan Forgiveness

Small Businesses: To calculate your loan forgiveness, you want to take the last eight (8) weeks of your 2019 payroll and divide it by 0.75. This amount will equal your loan forgiveness. The rest of the loan doesn’t matter. It’s capped at 25. However, it can’t exceed 8/52 of profits for sole proprietors or self-employed individuals. The payroll paid up to and including $100,000 of annualized wages which would be no more than $15,384 per employee in the 8 weeks.

Sole Proprietors: Schedule C Sole Proprietors can never get 100% forgiveness of loan. Any lease obligation in place before February 15th, even if it includes utilities, is still forgivable. Anything on your lease that you have to pay to support your lease counts. You’ll need to supply your lease documents. All interest on debt obligations and leased equipment (includes AWS, Azure, etc.) is allowable.